AnandTech Storage Bench - The Destroyer

The Destroyer is an extremely long test replicating the access patterns of very IO-intensive desktop usage. A detailed breakdown can be found in this article. Like real-world usage, the drives do get the occasional break that allows for some background garbage collection and flushing caches, but those idle times are limited to 25ms so that it doesn't take all week to run the test. These AnandTech Storage Bench (ATSB) tests do not involve running the actual applications that generated the workloads, so the scores are relatively insensitive to changes in CPU performance and RAM from our new testbed, but the jump to a newer version of Windows and the newer storage drivers can have an impact.

We quantify performance on this test by reporting the drive's average data throughput, the average latency of the I/O operations, and the total energy used by the drive over the course of the test.

ATSB - The Destroyer (Data Rate)

The Toshiba/Kioxia BG4's overall performance on The Destroyer is pretty good for an entry-level NVMe SSD; it clearly outperforms the Intel 660p and the Phison E8-based Kingston A1000, and is several times faster than the BG3-based RC100. The Host Memory Buffer feature doesn't have much impact on the BG4's performance, reflecting the fact that this test touches a lot of data without much locality.

ATSB - The Destroyer (Average Latency)ATSB - The Destroyer (99th Percentile Latency)

The BG4 doesn't have the latency troubles that other low-end SSDs present. Both the average and 99th percentile latency scores for the BG4 are better than the Crucial MX500 mainstream SATA drive, and the average latency also beats the Kingston A1000.

ATSB - The Destroyer (Average Read Latency)ATSB - The Destroyer (Average Write Latency)

The average write latency for the BG4 during The Destroyer is clearly much higher than for the typical high-end NVMe drive, but is decent compared to other entry-level NVMe drives. For average read latency, the gap between the BG4 and high-end drives is quite a bit smaller.

ATSB - The Destroyer (99th Percentile Read Latency)ATSB - The Destroyer (99th Percentile Write Latency)

The BG4 turns in good scores for both 99th percentile read and write latencies. The write score in particular is a huge improvement over the BG3/RC100's terrible worst-case performance.

ATSB - The Destroyer (Power)

The Toshiba BG3/RC100 had pretty low power consumption, but took forever to complete The Destroyer and its total energy usage ended up being quite high. The BG4 doesn't have the performance problems, and as a result it comes away with a record-low energy usage score. Even fast and notably efficient drives like the XG6 and WD Black don't come close.

Cache Size Effects AnandTech Storage Bench - Heavy
Comments Locked


View All Comments

  • eek2121 - Sunday, October 20, 2019 - link

    There are a few 4 TB m.2 SSDs out there, they just sell out FAST so you typically won't even find them listed. You can still find plenty of 2 TB m.2 SSDs.
  • mxnerd - Saturday, October 19, 2019 - link

    Kioxia? Great product but what a bad brand name.
  • s.yu - Sunday, October 20, 2019 - link

    No surprise coming from Japanese manufacturers recently........
  • s.yu - Sunday, October 20, 2019 - link

    Looks like the takeaway from this is although Toshiba SSDs consistently fall behind Samsungs (the main reason they're regarded as the short straw in flash lottery), they may be more efficient, but hardly anybody tests for that.
  • discostrings - Sunday, October 20, 2019 - link

    The Toshiba BG4 is actually already available in the M.2 2242 format in retail channels as the Sabrent SB-1342-2TB, SB-1342-1TB, and SB-1342-512:

    Yes, that's right: there's a 2TB 2242 variant! I was hesitant to believe it was actually available in that capacity, as I didn't see any sort of announcement, but I received one on Thursday and I can confirm it's quite real.

    Unfortunately, these aren't useful for most current laptops with 2242 slots (that are primarily included for WWAN but which can also use NVMe drives like the RC100). As these SSDs use four PCIe lanes, they require the M key, while all laptops that I know of direct two (or less) PCIe lanes to the 2242 slot, and thus have a B key that prevents use of these drives.

    So there probably won't be much of a market for these until there are laptops out with M-keyed M.2 2242 slots. It would be great to see a 2-lane variant with a B key in the short term for use in current laptops.
  • discostrings - Sunday, October 20, 2019 - link

    I mixed terminology up a little bit in my prior post. The Sabrent drives use Toshiba BiCS4 NAND (which is also used by in the Toshiba BG4), but these are not rebranded variants of the same drive. Apologies for any confusion.
  • peevee - Monday, October 21, 2019 - link

    So they already have brands Toshiba, Lite-On and Plextor, all pretty valuable and respectable (esp Plextor I think), why do they feel like they need another one?
  • Billy Tallis - Monday, October 21, 2019 - link

    The decision to rebrand from Toshiba to Kioxia was made before the decision to buy Lite-On's SSD business. Continuing to use the Toshiba brand name long-term isn't an option since they aren't part of the Toshiba conglomerate anymore and need to IPO under a name they own. They don't get to use the Lite-On name either because they didn't buy the whole company, just the SSD portion. They might now own the Plextor brand.
  • Targon - Monday, October 21, 2019 - link

    If the laptop maker has a decent design, then it would make more sense to go with a small capacity SSD to keep the laptop price down and then put a better SSD in yourself. Get something with a normal 1TB hard drive but has the support for NVMe, and you then throw in a 1TB drive yourself. No need to feed the stupidity of people wanting a tiny machine that has a slow processor just to keep power demands low. Going with even a 35 or 45 watt CPU with a 15 inch display will give you a much more powerful laptop than these 15W CPU machines with a 11 inch screen designed for people who sit in meetings all day but have much lower performance.

    At least we are beyond the days of Intel Atom crap machines in that space.
  • MykeM - Thursday, October 31, 2019 - link

    You can actually get a external USB-C SSD that uses this particular Toshiba BG4 SSD. It’s made by CalDigit know for its excellent Thunderbolt 3 docks. It’s called Tuff Nano and at the moment only comes in the ½ terabyte capacity. The read speed is just over 1GB/s (if the device USB-C supports USB3.x Gen2). And it’s tiny:l:

Log in

Don't have an account? Sign up now